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Common terms used in ocean freight for shipping DG | Dangerous Goods Declaration | Hazardous Cargo Request

See this updated page in - http://internationalshippingusa.com/Shipping_Dangerous_Goods.aspx

SHIPPING DANGEROUS GOODS FROM THE USA USING INTERNATIONAL OCEAN FREIGHT SERVICE (HAZARDOUS MATERIALS)     

ocean freight

A Dangerous Goods (DG) is a substance or material, which has been determined to be capable of posing a risk to health, safety, and property when transported in commerce. An equivalent term, used almost exclusively in the United States, is Hazardous Material (HAZMAT). Hazardous Materials will be classified as Dangerous Goods when transported by an interantional ocean freight carrier from or to the USA.

Everything associated with Dangerous Goods is strictly regulated: the shipping documents, labeling, packing, marking etc.

shipping ses freight

Dangerous Good may only be shipped with approval from an international ocean carrier prior to scheduling an international ocean freight shipment AND subject to surcharges on the ocean freigh. It is shipper's responsibilities to identify, declare and provide the necessary and correct shipping documentats for shipping dangerous goods usin ocean freight service in advance. Delays and ocean freight shipping costs due to improper identification, classification and/or incorrect or missing documentation related to an international shipment by sea containing Dangerous Goods  will be the responsibility of the shipper. Hazardous international ocean freight shipments may require more transit time than regular export or import from or to the USA.

Most international ocean freight carriers will NOT approve dangerous goods other than IMO Classes 3, 8 & 9. Shipping dangerous goods using international ocean freight service other than classes 3, 8 & 9 requires an international ocean freight carrier with specialized equipment used to transport dangerous goods of particular classes.

COMMON TERMS USED IN THE TRANSPORTATION OF DANGEROUS GOODS BY SEA 

UN NUMBER - stands for United Nations number. The UN number is a four-digit number assigned to a potentially hazardous material (such as gasoline, UN 1203) or class of materials (such as corrosive liquids, UN 1760). Firefighters and other emergency response personnel use these numbers during transportation emergencies. UN (United Nations) numbers are internationally recognized.

IMO CLASS - International Maritime Organization dangerous goods class

Class 1. Explosives 
Class 2. Gases 
Class 3. Flammable Liquids 
Class 4.1. Flammable Solids or Substances 
Class 4.2. Flammable solids 
Class 4.3. Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases 
Class 5.1. Oxidizing substances (agents) by yielding oxygen increase the risk and intensity of fire
Class 5.2. Organic peroxides - most will burn rapidly and are sensitive to impact or friction 
Class 6.1. Toxic substances 
Class 6.2. Infectious substances 
Class 7. Radioactive Substances 
Class 8. Corrosives 
Class 9. Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles

FLASH POINT - is the lowest temperature at which the material can catch fire.

PACKING GROUP - grouping according to the degree of danger presented by hazardous materials. Packing Group I indicates great danger; Packing Group II, medium danger; Packing Group III, minor danger.

HOW TO DECLARE DANGEROUS GOODS TO AN INTERNATIONAL OCEAN FREIGHT CARRIER? 

In order to declare Dangerous Goods in an international ocean freight shipment, before scheduling the shipment, shipper should complete a Dangerous Goods Declaration to the international ocean freight carrier in a proper form in order. Then submit it along with the shipment to the international ocean freight carrier. Request a manufacturer or seller of the goods for necessary information.

shipping ocean freight

HAZARDOUS CARGO REQUEST IN OCEAN FREIGHT  

In respect of dealing with an international ocean freight freight forwarder, when requesting a quotation for a sea freight shipment congaing Dangerous Goods, in addition to general cargo description always provide at least:

  • UN#
  • IMO Class
  • Flash point 
  • Packing group

It is a good idea to prepare a HAZARDOUS CARGO REQUEST in advance and submit it along with your import or export quote/booking request.   

Here is a sample of HAZARDOUS CARGO REQUEST form:

 

  Shipper’s Name Address and Phone Number:
  ____________________________________
  ____________________________________
  ____________________________________
  ____________________________________
  Tel:

  VESSEL/VOYAGE: ______________________
  S/S BOOKING NUMBER: _________________
  NVO BOOKING NUMBER: _________________
  LOAD PORT: ___________________________
  DISCHARGE PORT: _____________________
  CONTAINER NUMBER: ___________________
  TYPE AND NUMBER OF CONTAINER: ________

  Proper Shipping Name: ____________________________________________

  Technical Name: __________________________________________________

  IMO CLASS/DIVISION: ________________ UN NUMBER: __________________

  PACKAGING GROUP: __________________ PLACARDS: ___________________

  FLASHPOINT IN CELSIUS CC: ______ ERG NO: ______ QUANTITY: __________

  PKGS: ___________ TYPE: ___________ WGT (KG): _________ CFT: ________

  24 HOUR EMERGENCY NUMBER: ____________________ CONTACT: _________

THIS IS TO CERTIFY THAT THE ABOVE NAMED MATERIALS ARE PROPERLY CLASSIFIED, DESCRIBED, PACKAGED, MARKED AND LABELED AND ARE IN PROPER CONDITION FOR TRANSPORTATION ACCORDING TO THE APPLICABLE REGULATIONS OF THE DEPT OF TRANSPORTATION
EMERGENCY CONTACT _______________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________
I hereby declare that the contents of this consignment are fully and accurately described above by the correct technical name(s) (proper shipping name(s)), and are classified, packaged, marked and labeled/placarded, and are in all respects in proper condition for transport according to applicable international and national governmental regulations.

Shipper’s Signature/Date ______________________________________________
** Must be legibly signed manually, by typewriter, or other mechanical means **

IT IS DECLARED THAT THE PACKING OF THE CONTAINER HAS BEEN CARRIED OUT IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF 12.3.7 OF SECTION 12 OF THE GENERAL INTRODUCTION OF THE IMDG CODE.  

 

 

For more info related to HAZMAT regulations in the USA please refer to 49 CFR Parts 100 – 185. The Hazardous Material Transportation Regulations (HMR) athttp://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/cfr-table-search.html#page1

Notice: International moving companies most likely will not accept responsibilities on shipping Hazardous Materials.

Common terms used in ocean freight for shipping DG | Dangerous Goods Declaration | Hazardous Cargo Request


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