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I. ATTENTION ROGUE MOVERS (OR UNLICENSED OTI) 
II. S.O.C. - "Shipper Owned Containers" for an FCL sea freight shipment from US
III. Import Goods to the USA in Respect of Dealing with U.S. Customs Broker
IV. MOTOR VEHICLES CANNOT BE SHIPPED FROM US AS LCL. SHIPPING MOTOR PARTS. 
V. THE NEW CUSTOMS REGULATION IN BRAZIL - NCM#'S and CNPJ REQUIREMENTS
VI. SAUDI ARABIA - "Country of Origin" must be marked on every package.
VII. M Form to Nigeria
VIII. Social Security Numbers (SSN) will not be accepted as a valid USPPI ID as of December 3, 2009.
IX. EXPORTS TO ALGERIA MUST BE COVERED BY A LETTER OF CREDIT
X. MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS TO IMPORT PERSONAL EFFECTS, CHARITY GOODS OR GIFTS INTO SOUTH AFRICA
XI. list of U.S. Flag international ocean freight carriers by U.S. Department of Transportation
XII. FILING H.S CODES. THE EUROPEAN 24H RULE

I. ATTENTION ROGUE MOVERS (OR UNLICENSED OCEAN TRANSPORTATION INTERMEDIARY)

Federal law (the Shipping Act of 1984) requires Ocean Transportation Intermediaries to be licensed and bonded. Accepting cargo from unlicensed OTI constitutes a violation of the Shipping Act. Knowing and willful violations of the Shipping Act carry a possible civil penalty of up to $30,000 per occurrence.

Amid Logistics, LLC as a licensed and bonded U.S. OTI is held responsible for not providing service to unlicensed OTIs (rogue movers - an  unlicensed international transportation company, international moving company or an individual enterpriser). In order to do so, all shippers when booking a shipment with us, must confirm that they are not an unlicensed Ocean Transportation Intermediary and do not arrange international shipments by sea for individual shippers unless operate under an OTI license. 
 
Falsification of this statement is considered as an attempt to violate the Shipping Act. Information about the attempt along with obtained information about the unlicensed OTI will be forwarded to the U.S. Federal Maritime Commission in order to punish the unlicensed international transportation company, international moving company or an individual enterpriser for its illegal activity.    

 

II. S.O.C. - "Shipper Owned Containers for an FCL sea freight shipment from US"

Here is a brief list of what you need to consider if you are purchasing an FCL multimodal sea freight container (this reference taken at http://www.cargolaw.com/2003nightmare_pinata.html#oneway_rules):

Want to buy an FCL "One Way" sea  freight container for shipping freight from US? Here are some suggestions:

Here is a brief list of what you need to consider if you are purchasing an FCL ocean freight container and shipping it overseas from the USA:

1. Does the ocean freight carrier (freight forwarder or NVOCC) or shipping line (VOCC) that will move the FCL sea freight container for you take shippers owned containers (SOC) and will the ocean freight rate be effected? Each ocean carrier has a policy for FCL shippers owned containers. The FCL booking or customer service departments will have the information you need. Professional international moving companies should have the information in advance as well. 

2. Is an FCL sea freight container condition survey required for the container prior to acceptance by the ocean carrier? If so, this must be done before the container is loaded for an international shipment by sea. You want this survey.

3. Who will provide the chassis or flatbed to move the FCL multimodal sea freight container? Either the trucker or the ocean carrier provides the 'wheels' (chassis) under a container. Services offered by international moving companies should include it in the total of shipping cost.

4. What is the volume of the cargo & the weight that you will be shipping from US? Often, over the road weight limitations are much less than the design capacity for a sea freight container. Also ocean freight rates are typically less for smaller size FCL shipping containers. Under U.S. law -- YOU will be held responsible for all fines & damages if an overweight container results in a road accident -- or other damage or fines.

5. How will the FCL box be delivered at the destination? Most container delivery trailers are designed to slide containers off to the ground & cannot handle the weight of a loaded FCL container. This usually means you will have to hire a crane (expensive) or unload the contents of the sea freight container prior to it being landed on the ground.

6. What about U.S. Customs? Customs rules regarding the import of containers vary widely. Your international transportation company (freight forwarder, NVOCC) or international moving company will have the ability to confirm import requirements and duties for international shipments by sea.

7. Why do you need a shipper's owned container? If it is to be used as storage at the final destination, often it is cheaper to purchase a container at the destination & save the extra handling costs of a shipper's owned container. But beware. YOU are responsible for all FCL container requirements.

8. DO YOU HAVE INSURANCE OF THE TYPE THAT WILL COVER YOU -- IN THE EVENT THAT FCL SEA FREIGHT CONTAINER FAILURE DAMAGES THE CARGO OF OTHERS -- OR THE VESSEL. After 25 years in this industry -- THE CARGO LETTER concludes that YOU likely do not have such insurance. This is a very major question which management must review.

PLEASE -- before buying that FCL sea freight container -- check YOUR insurance. That insurance will cover YOUR cargo -- but not the damage you do to others.

9. "Shipper Owned Containers" may send a negative message to U.S. Customs.

U.S. Customs knows that "Shipper Owned Containers" may mean a one way trip.

U.S. Customs knows that "Shipper Owned Containers" can often mean junk or even hazardous cargo.

U.S. Customs knows that "Shipper Owned Containers" are often purchased at the end of their service life 

III. Importing Goods to the USA in Respect Dealing with U.S. Customs Broker 

  1. General Provision
  2. Entry Of Merchandise
  3. Invoices And Rates Of Exchange
  4. CF 7501 - Entry Summary. Instructions For Preparation
  5. Bonds
  6. Examination Of Merchandise
  7. Transportation In Bond. Immediate Transportation Entries
  8. Classification And Appraisement
  9. Harmonized Tariff Schedule (Part 1)
  10. Harmonized Tariff Schedule (Part 2)
  11. Harmonized Tariff Schedule (Part 3)
  12. Articles Conditionally Free. Chapter 98 Of U.S. HTS
  13. Carnets
  14. Customhouse Brokers
  15. Prohibited And Restricted Merchandise
  16. Intellectual Property Rights
  17. Country Of Origin Marking
  18. Import Quotas
  19. Warehouse Entries, Bonded Warehouses
  20. Fines, Penalties And Protests
  21. Foreign Trade Zones. "Free Zones"
  22. Drawback Entries

IV. MOTOR VEHICLES CANNOT BE SHIPPED FROM US AS LCL. SHIPPING MOTOR PARTS.

Any motorized vehicle that requires DMV (U.S. Department of Motor Vehicles) registration (auto, motorcycles, mopeds, jet skis, ATV’s) will not be permitted to an international shipment from US as LCL freight. This is due to US Customs Regulations that will not recognize any ocean freight carrier's warehouse as an exam site for inspection. 

You can ship motorized vehicle using our sea freight service for shipping vehicles in containers or Ro-Ro. Freight cost per a motorized vehicle should be equal to freight cost of shipping a mid-size car, but always must be re-confirmed upon a booking request.

FYI: If ship motorcycles as FCL freight, then it may approximately fit up to: 8 motorcycles per 20' FCL sea freight container and 18 per 40'.
 
Motor parts can be shipped using LCL sea freight, however: 
 
International shipments, export of motors and/or parts from the USA that may contain any fluids (such engines, tanks, batteries etc) are subject to the following requirement: ALL FLUIDS MUST BE COMPLETELY DRAINED.

However, even drained motor parts may be considered dangerous goods by the steamship line (VOCC) when cargo is delivered to the origin shipping terminal for the international shipment from US.

If motor parts are considered dangerous goods by the steamship line then additional documents related to shipping dangerous goods must be provided and hazardous surcharges apply. International transportation company (freight forwarder, NVOCC, international moving company) or shipping line (SSL, VOCC) will inform consigner of the additional requirements and charges (if any) once the cargo has been accepted by the carrier’s terminal (CFS) for the international shipment from US. 

International shippers of auto parts must be aware and accept the general conditions for exporting dangerous goods by sea from the USA detailed in the following linked document

IMPORTANT: It is the consigner’s responsibility to submit motor parts to the international shipment by sea in the proper condition. International transportation company (freight forwarder, NVOCC, international moving company) or shipping line (SSL, VOCC)  will not be held responsible for any delays or difficulties resulting from the failure to properly drain fluids or arrange proper packing prior to shipping, nor for additional charges incurred as a result thereof.

V. THE NEW CUSTOMS REGULATION IN BRAZIL - NCM#'S and CNPJ REQUIREMENTS

On commercial import shipments: Now all shipments imported to Brazil require providing NCM#'S (codes defined by the Brazilian government for the classification of materials) and the CNPJ (number of company’s identification). This information must be provided by shippers to ocean carriers prior shipments will be released to import to Brazil AND in order to get freight to be released in Brazil.

On personal import shipments: Brazil has new requirements for shipments imported into Brazil. The CPF number (the consignees pass port number) is required to be on the bill of lading. Always advise the consignees pass port number. If not advised then then penalties can be very heavy.

VI. SAUDI ARABIA - "Country of Origin" must be marked on every package.

The Saudi Arabia Port Authority has implemented some new rules that international shippers that are dealing with international transportation companies (freight forwarders, NVOCCs, international moving companies) need to be aware of in order to avoid fines:

Effective March 1, 2009, the Saudi Port Authority requires all cargo destined to Saudi Arabia to have permanent markings stating the “Country of Origin” on every package, carton and box. These markings can be engraved, printed or affixed by means of non removable stickers.

Indicating the geographical region of origin (eg. European Union/Europe) does not satisfy this new requirement. The “Country of Origin” has to be clearly stated and spelled out in full. Strict enforcement by the Saudi Port Authority is expected.

Failure to comply may result in the cargo being returned to the country of origin. Penalties may also be imposed on cargo interests. Please ensure that your shipments to Saudi Arabia comply with this requirement to avoid incurring additional expenses and penalties.

VII. M Form to Nigeria

The M form is some sort of Import Permit that consignee must get whenever they want to ship sea freight to Nigeria.

Customer must apply for authorization with the Federal Bank in Nigeria. When approved, the Bank will issue the M Certificate and then, consignee will be allowed to import his goods.

The M Form number must be shown in the bill of lading. Without it, it cannot enter Nigeria.

Exporters must do all the necessary paperwork and once completed, ocean freight carrier will need the number to input it in carriers bill of lading.

VIII. Social Security Numbers (SSN) will not be accepted as a valid USPPI ID as of December 3, 2009.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau / U.S. Customs and Border Protection regulation and per the Foreign Trade Regulations (FTR) Social Security Numbers (SSN) will not be accepted as a valid USPPI ID as of December 3, 2009. Any Authorized Agent that files on behalf of customers using an SSN as the USPPI ID need to notify their customers that they need to obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN). USPPIs can obtain an EIN by visitingwww.irs.gov/businesses/small and selecting "Employer ID Numbers (EIN)".

Once USPPIs obtain their EIN, they must provide the ID to their Authorized Agent. Authorized Agents must update any profiles or templates as necessary. On December 3, 2009, all profiles and/or templates will automatically remove USPPI IDs that are labeled as SSN. All other information in the profile and/or template will remain. Filers will need to update these profiles and/or templates with the EIN of their customers.

Note: We found that some of our customers that do not have an EIN obtain EIN for theirs international shipping online at http://www.irs.gov/businesses/small/ by requesting EIN as forSole Proprietors in purpose …to satisfy banking requirements or local law. Then you may consider following these steps as in the PDF file.

IX. EXPORTS TO ALGERIA MUST BE COVERED BY A LETTER OF CREDIT

The Algerian Government passed a new law that requires that all sea freight going to Algeria to be covered by a Letter of Credit.

Since Aug 02, 2009, under the law of 26/07/2009 (article 69), published in Official Gazette no. 44 of the Algerian Republic, the payment of ocean freight imports must be done through a Letter of Credit.

The Letter of Credit must be issued by an Algerian bank.  If a Letter of Credit is not in place, ocean freight will not be able to clear customs, picked up or removed from Algerian ports. 

X. MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS TO IMPORT PERSONAL EFFECTS, CHARITY GOODS OR GIFTS INTO SOUTH AFRICA

Household goods / Personal Effects

1) Importer must be in RSA at least 10 days prior to goods arriving so that all necessary paperwork is available.  This is paperwork that only the importer can provide, such as Passport, ID Book, Visa, etc.  Customs do not accept copies, only originals are allowed.  Certified copies not accepted either.

2) Customs allow household goods / personal effects to be imported exempt of duty and vat ONLY if the following conditions are met:
a) The importer is a returning resident who has been out of the country recently for a period of 6 months or longer, ie, if they returned 2 years ago they cannot now bring their goods in as personal effects.  An original passport is required as proof of this.
b) The importer is a foreigner entering the country on a permanent residence certificate, a work permit or an own business visa.  Exceptions have sometimes been made for study visa’s but are not guaranteed.  Retirement visa’s are not accepted at all.

3) Alcohol, tobacco and consumables (food, soap, make up, etc) are not considered personal effects and are NOT exempt of duty and vat at all ever.

4) Personal items such as clothing, shoes, sporting and recreational equipment, books etc may be imported if:
a) Goods were exported by a resident for use while abroad and are now being re-imported.
b) Goods are imported by a non-resident for their own personal use during their stay in RSA.

5) ALL shipments of personal effects / household goods MUST have a DETAILED and PRICED inventory list showing each item, number of that item and a value.  General listings are not allowed, eg stationary.  It must be specified as pens, books, note pads, etc.

Donations:

1) NEVER send used clothing, it is not allowed at all ever and will have to be returned or burnt under customs supervision.

2) New clothing is generally also excluded from any kind of rebate on duty and vat.

3) Motor vehicles cannot be donated.

4) Always check on the donation of ANY food stuff.  
a) Certain foods items are excluded from any duty and vat rebate
b) Certain food items require an import permit
c) Certain food items are not allowed into RSA at all

5) For any organisation to receive donations exempt of duty and vat they must be registered as a charitable organisation / religious organisation.  Registration MUST be checked prior to despatching the goods.

6) Permission to receive the donation must be granted by the International Trade Administration Commission if exemption from duty and vat is to be applied for.  Best to do this prior to despatch of goods from origin.

7) Each donation shipment MUST have a DETAILED and PRICED inventory list.  No general descriptions allowed such as stationary.  List must specify exact item, number of that item and value, eg 7 excercise books $20, 15 ballpoint pens $5, etc.

8) Donation shipments should never be sent unless the importer on this side has had time to do the necessary research and apply for the relevant permits, permissions and rebate facilities.

Donation shipments sent with the best of intentions but without the proper procedures and research may end up costing the receiver more than what the donation is actually worth.

Gifts:

1) Unsolicitied gifts are allowed from a natural person to a natural person.  No company / business gifts allowed

2) 2 gift parcels per person per year, each under the value of R400 / parcel, are allowed.

3) Wine, spirits or manufactured tobacco are not allowed as gifts.

XI. More international shipping terms and list of U.S. Flag international ocean freight carriers by U.S. Department of Transportation on 2008 are in this link

XII. FILING H.S CODES. THE EUROPEAN 24H RULE

DUE TO THE EUROPEAN 24H RULE EFFECTIVE 01/01/2011, H.S CODES (INTERNATIONAL SHIPPING HARMONIZED TARIFF SCHEDULE) WILL BE REQUIRED FOR ALL INTERNATIONAL SHIPMENTS MOVING TO OR TRANSSHIPPING VIA E.U. PORTS. THIS ALSO INCLUDES FROB CARGO (FOREIGN CARGO REMAINING ON BOARD): ANY VESSEL CALLING AN EUROPEAN PORT BEFORE REACHING ITS FINAL DESTINATION.

A. In respect of international shipping of PERSONAL EFFECTS AND USED HOUSEHOLD GOODS, the HS code to be used is: 9905.00

B. In respect of international shipping of the rest of the commodities (new stuff, with commercial invoices), you need to provide the HS code (at least the first six digits) which you can find in the following websites:

For more information please refer to several notifications from different ocean freight carriers (international shipping companies) involved in international shipping of seafreight from the USA:

BY OOCL:

The link includes a spreadsheet which provides the effective vessel voyages involved in international shipping of sea freight from the USA for which a “No Shipping Instruction, No Load” policy will be enforced.

http://www.oocl.com/usa/eng/localinformation/localnews/2010/12022010.htm

A key item from the information on our website, relating to the timing of your SI submission, is immediately below:

In order to comply with the new European Union (EU) 24 Hour Advanced Manifest Regulation for international shipping of seafreight effective on December 31st 2010, OOCL appreciates your kind cooperation to provide your complete international

shipping instructions (including AES information with sea freight container and seal number information) at least 2 working days prior to the international shipping cargo load port cutoff. This will allow for your international shipping cargo to be included in our manifest documentation preparation and submission to EU Customs within the required time frame. The international shipping documentation cutoff information will be published on www.oocl.com and in our OOCL Booking Acknowledgements / Confirmations. Effective December 31, 2010 cargo not included in the manifest process will not be allowed to be loaded on board the booked vessel for the international shipping of seafreight. 

As an additional note, OOCL's Far East destined service – AEX – also falls under EU24 international shipping of seafreight rule due to a transship through Cagliari, Italy.

BY ECONOCARIBE:

TO: MEMBERS OF THE WSC EUROPEAN SECURITY ADVISORY COMMITTEE RELATED TO INTERNATIONAL SHIPPING OF SEAFREIGHT FROM THE USA
Earlier this week, the European Commission and EU Member States agreed to introduce in the European Combined Nomenclature a special HS code for international shipping of household goods using seafreight service. This new HS Code will be introduced in Chapter 99 of the Combined Nomenclature with the reference "9905" to cover "personal property belonging to natural persons transferring their normal place of residence" using international shipping sea freight services.

This HS code was created upon insistence from the WSC staff in view of the forthcoming EU advance international shipping cargo requirements, noting that "household goods" is currently listed as an unacceptable international shipping goods description in the "Guidelines on acceptable and unacceptable terms for the description of international shipping goods for exit and entry summary declarations".  Without the creation of such an HS code, the persons lodging an entry or exit summary declarations for the international shipping goods using sea freight would have been compelled to provide plain language international shipping cargo descriptions or HS codes for each individual item part of the personal effects moved during an international shipping of place of residence, which the Commission agreed would have entailed a workload and expenses disproportionate to the interests at stake.

The U.E. International Shipping Regulation for seafreight introducing this new code has yet to be published in the Official Journal of the European Union, which will take several weeks. The European Commission, however, confirmed yesterday to WSC staff that the text of the Regulation would be made available before December 31, 2010, so that economic operators would have a formal reference at disposal when using this code in their entry on international shipping and exit summary declarations.

We shall inform Members that use seafreight services for international shipping when the text of the Regulation is available. Based on the information provided by the Commission, however, Member lines should feel confident in planning on the use of the new "9905" HS Code for use regarding international shipping of household goods using seafreight.Note: This new E.U. regulation has nothing to do with AES filling and international shipping from the U.S, but with international shipping to Europe as well as any cargo moving VIA Europe. It's a European Union regulation, not a U.S. one.

The new U.E. international shipping regulations are on every single international shipping companies (NVOCC & SS lines)

websites. Hapag's is pretty detailed, here is the link for your info: 
http://www.hapag-lloyd.com/en/products_and_services/security_information_europe_24h_rule_ens_faq.html

This specific link is about the international shipping commodity description: 
http://www.hapag-lloyd.com/en/products_and_services/security_information_europe.html#stripe11454 

BY ZIM:

We would like to advise our customers of the implementation of the European Union's new regulation for international shipping  of seafreight from the USA which will require a transmission of the manifest 24 Hours prior to the loading of European Union Bound vessels.

This new U.E. international shipping regulation will come into effect January 1st, 2011 and Zim, as the Carrier, will be responsible for providing this manifest for international shipping of seafreght (Entry Summary Declaration – ENS) in a timely manner. Of course we are dependent on the information for international shipping of seafreight provided by you.

What is an ENS?

An ENS is an Entry Summary Declaration which is required for all inbound cargo for international shipping into/via the European Union, regardless of their destination. The international shipping requirement is for:

  • Import Cargo
  • FROB (freight Remain on Board) while the vessel calls at the EU ports
  • Transshipment Cargo – for both destinations in and out of the EU

The international shipping requirement is for security measures only and not for Customs related issues.

Who must lodge the ENS?

The ENS is lodged by the Carrier based on the required information provided by the client involved in international shipping of seafreight from the USA.

When must it be lodged?

Similar to the US / Canadian / Mexico / China rule, the ENS must be lodged 24 hours prior to the international shipping vessels' loading (a vessel which will call at a EU port directly).

Where must it be lodged?

The ENS is sent to the Customs Authority at the first Port of Entry into the EU. EU Countries are:

Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain 
Sweden
United Kingdom

Which Data Is Included?

  • Shipper (EORI number where available)
  • Consignee (EORI number where available)
  • Notify Party (mandatory for “To Order” B/L)
  • 4 digit HS code, but 6 digit HS Code is recommended
  • Code for the type of packages
  • Number of international shipping packages
  • Shipping marks for international shipping packaged goods (not necessary for containerized goods)
  • Container number
  • Seal number
  • Gross mass (in kilograms)
  • UN code for dangerous goods
  • Transport charges method of payment code (e.g. payment in cash, payment by credit card, payment by check, electronic credit transfer, account holder with carrier, not pre-paid).

Are amendments allowed?

Amendments are allowed but might be rejected by the Customs Authorities and should be handled case by case.

Is A House B/L Required?

Unlike the requirements to the US / Canadian Customs, a House b/l is not required. The Master b/l filed by the international shipping carrier is enough, even if the Shipper and CNEE are the Freight Forwarder. 


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