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Dimensional Weight | Freight Class  

DIM. WEIGHT AND FREIGHT CLASS IN RESPECT OF U.S. GROUND TRANSPORTATION VS. LCL OCEAN FREIGHT: LINE HAULS & PICKUPS.

While using our online international ocean freight shipping system on your international ocean freight shipment, in order to get a freight price quote or while scheduling your ocean freight shipment from the USA, you should decide either you:

A. Self-deliver your boxed goods to the nearest international ocean freight carrier's terminal (CFS. Container Freight Station).

B. Or to an LTL domestic carrier's warehouse for the transshipment to an international ocean freight carrier's terminal (CFS).  

C. Or request a pick up (collection) your packed goods from "your door". 

If you had decided to self-deliver your boxed or crated goods to the nearest shipping terminal, then PLEASE NOTICE THE ESSENTIAL DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ORIGIN SHIP TERMINALS WITH OR WITHOUT ASTERISK (*) AS LISTED IN OUR DROP-DOWN LIST:

  • Terminals WITHOUT asterisks (Atlanta, GA for example) are direct international ocean carriers facilities named CFS – Container Freight Stations. 
     
    Shipping directly from CFSs is the most economical way for shipping boxed or crated cargo oversea. There will be no additional charges to the international ocean freight at origin to take your cargo on board of vessel for the export or import. 
     
    Also, charges for ocean freight shipments self-delivered directly to ocean carrier's CFS based on its size only (total chargeable volume per cubic meter). WEIGHT FOR SUCH INTERNATIONAL OCEAN FREIGHT SHIPMENTS IS NOT A PRICING FACTOR unless its density does not exceed the limit nominated by ocean freight carrier, which is most often equal to 1654 lbs (or 750 Kilograms) per Cubic Meter. U.S. Customs asks you to provide the weight estimation in statistical purposes only. 
     
  • Terminals WITH asterisks (Akron, OH* for example) are local terminals of domestic LTL carriers. Cargo dropped off at such terminals requires being line hauled to an international ocean carrier's facility (CFS) and subject to the line haul charge on top of international ocean freight (unlike shipping freight directly from CFSs). 
      
  • Finally you will be able to request to pick up your boxed goods from "your door". We will determine pickup charges by ZIP (postal) code of your goods location entered in our online international ocean freight shipping system.

Shippers should be aware that Line Haul charges and Pickup charges included in total shipping cost of your international ocean freight shipment are based on dimensional weight of cargo and freight class.

DIMENSIONAL WEIGHT

Dimensional Weight (or Dim. Weight) states for volumetric standard instead of using actual weight. Used by LTL carriers in calculations of charges for inland pre-carriages to ocean freight carriers export facilities (CFSs).

When you work with our online LCL ocean freight shipping system and request pickups or line-hauls, you enter dimensions and weight on each shipping unit. Then you will instantly recognize either you be charged by space or volume of your shipment. In otherwords pickup and/or line-haul charges are based either on Actual or Dimensional weight of your cargo, whichever is greater.

In general dimensional weight favors shippers of dense objects and penalizes those who ship lightweight boxes. For example: a box of un-popped corn kernels will likely be charged by gross weight; a box of popcorn will probably be charged by its dimensional weight. Shippers avoid dimensional weight charges by using smaller boxes, by compressing their goods, and by reducing the use of packing materials.

Dimensional weight for U.S. domestic ground shipments calculates by this formula: Dim. Weight in LBS = L x W x H (in inches) :194.

FREIGHT CLASS (in respect of U.S. domestic ground transportation Vs. Ocean Freight)

Freight Class, in respect of U.S. domestic ground transportation, does NOT apply to international shipments self-delivered directly to international ocean freight carrier's facilities named CFS – Container Freight Stations. Our system represents CFSs by listed cities WITHOUT asterisks (*) within origin-destinations cities dropdown lists (Atlanta, GA for example).

Freight Class is the category of your freight defined by the U.S. National Motor Freight Traffic Association. (NMFTA). It is also referred to as NMFC: National Motor Freight Classification.

The class of your shipment is determined by its contents, as different types of products have different shipping costs. There are 18 different freight classes from a class 55 up to a class 500. In our system freight class determines the rate you will pay on pickups or/and line-hauls of your goods to ocean carrier’s facilities (CFS – Container Freight Stations). Higher freight classes are subjects to higher costs on the ground cargo transportation.
 
The NMFTA classes products according to four characteristics:

  • Density - weight per cubic foot 
  • Stowability - including excessive weight and excessive length
  • Ease of Handling - includes special care or attention necessary to handle the goods 
  • Liability- includes price per pound, susceptibility to theft, liability to damage, and perishability

When shipping NMFC rated shipments, be sure that your class is accurate. The freight class submitted is most likely not to be reclassified if falls within the following guidelines:

  • You ship new or used commercial/industrial goods 
  • The density corresponds to the freight class

Our online ocean freight shipping system helps you to determine freight class based on the density – the one out of four characteristics. However, shipper must consider the rest of the characteristics and change freight class on his/her shipment if necessary.

You may also call the NMFTA direct at (703) 838-1810 in order to reconfirm freight class on your shipment by commodity.

IMPORTANT: SHIPPER IS HELD RESPONSIBLE ON FREIGHT CLASS DECLARATION. OUR PICKUP/LINE HAUL PRICE QUOTES ARE BASED ON THE FREIGHT CLASS DECLARED BY SHIPPER. DECLARATION OF INCORRECT FREIGHT CLASS MAY RESULT TO PRICE SCHEDULE CHANGE.

Notice: If you declare household goods in your shipment then your freight class, regardless on its density, most likely will be reclassified by the carrier to the class 100 or even 150.


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